Pope Francis creates 21 new cardinals from 16 nations on the eve of the Synod on Synodality

October 4, 2023 | America The Jesuit Review

By Gerard O’Connell | America Jesuit Review

Photo: Pope Francis places a red biretta on the head of new Cardinal Christophe Pierre, nuncio to the United States, during a consistory for the creation of 21 new cardinals in St. Peter’s Square at the Vatican Sept. 30, 2023. (CNS photo/Lola Gomez)
As Pope Francis created 21 new cardinals in St. Peter’s Square today, Sept. 30, he told the college of cardinals—which now has 242 members from 91 countries, of whom 137 are under the age of 80 with a right to vote in the next conclave—that it is called “to resemble a symphony orchestra, representing the harmony and synodality of the church.”

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